Strategies used by counselors to help clients struggling with addiction
Counseling is one of the major addiction management strategies that have been successful over time. Counselors offer critical emotional support for individuals struggling with addiction. Counseling strategies are intended to draw attention to the fundamental issues that fuel dependence cycles on certain activities and substances.
As our thoughts affect our actions, being on the path to recovery requires good mental and behavioral improvements, which counselors can help their clients attain. Hence, the role or impact of counselors on the recovery process and treatment of addiction cannot be overemphasized. Below are some strategies that counselors use to assist a client in preventing or overcoming addiction.
What strategies can a counselor use to assist a client in preventing or overcoming addiction?
Counselors use different techniques, therapies and strategies to help prevent or overcome an addiction, and no method is known to be superior to another. For instance, not every opiate addict responds well to a single treatment method. The type of addiction and unique needs of the client will be considered when creating the best treatment or recovery strategy.
Counselors must continually improve and build on already-established techniques. One way to do this is to enroll in an online counseling program. Specialized programs, such as the one offered by Walsh University, help counselors build the skills necessary to manage chemical dependency. This program prepares counselors through evidence-based practice, assessment and treatment plans for addiction counseling.
Here are some of the strategies used by counselors to help patients overcome addiction.
Helping the client acknowledge the presence of an addiction
An individual recognizing that substance use has become a problem impairing their quality of life is the first step to recovery. Impairment in crucial areas of function, such as job, education, social interaction and recreation, may cause this. Many different therapy alternatives are accessible once someone realizes how dangerous the level of the addiction is to their lives. Anyone suffering from an addiction disorder needs to have access to care, but they can only access this care if they acknowledge that there is a problem in the first place.
Many patients will require treatment for the remainder of their lives. Counselors can help their clients come to this realization. They will have to refrain from the drug or other sources of addiction for the rest of their lives, which can be challenging. Addiction treatment programs frequently adapt to the demands of the patient. The type of addictive condition, the duration and intensity of use, and the effects of addiction on the individual are just a few of the variables that affect the type of strategy that the counselor will use.
Creation of therapeutic alliances
The term ‘therapeutic alliance’ describes a solid, healthy and fruitful bond between therapist and patient. This healthy bond may be in any form. What matters is that they feel comfortable working toward a shared goal: a lasting recovery from addiction.
A therapeutic alliance is established when clients trust their therapists enough to feel vulnerable while working through their issues. Vital partnerships such as this make sure that clients have faith in their counselors. It also enhances and stimulates the sense of trust in their counselors to understand that they have their best interests at heart. This enables patients and counselors to collaborate to achieve their goals while facing challenges. It’s a gradual process to feel comfortable speaking openly in sessions, feel relieved following an appointment, and experience a desire to return. However, building this trust takes time. There are several ways to form powerful therapeutic partnerships. They include:
- Letting patients know that you care about their health.
- Letting patients know that you understand their issues.
- Recognizing and expressing the fundamental challenges affecting their recovery.
- Being aware that building this trust takes time.
They encourage group therapy over individual or private treatment
Any form of counseling for preventing or overcoming addiction is appreciated. However, group therapy is typically chosen over individual treatment. Cognitive behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, and art therapy are just a few treatment techniques used in group and individual therapy. Only the number of participants and the session outcomes indicate the distinctions between the types of therapy offered in each. However, a client is more likely to be challenged and supported by peers who are also undergoing rehabilitation in group therapy.
Group therapy involves collaborating with others to form a strong group. Counselors use this strategy to discuss and hear about other people’s similar problems and talk about solutions with them. This will help the client understand that other individuals have had similar challenges and that they are not alone. They may be able to band together with others and solve problems if they feel a sense of belonging. People in recovery from substance misuse can benefit the most from a coordinated strategy because many people think that their problems are particular to them.
Patient referrals to external support groups
Addicts in recovery have access to a wide range of outside resources. These are helpful when used in conjunction with counseling therapy. Counselors can provide their patients with additional external support. This is mainly done by directing them to organizations such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. By attending meetings, patients will be surrounded by people from similar backgrounds and can further share their tales, insights and problems in a non-judgmental setting. These community-based programs offer an additional degree of accountability to those seeking rehabilitation.
Counselors must be deeply compassionate about forming bonds with their patients. Counselors are crucial to the success of addiction rehabilitation because they help patients talk honestly about their difficulties with addiction, support their families as they go through the recovery process, and develop strategies to prevent relapse.
Assisting patients in creating a relapse prevention plan
Addiction is a chronic disease. According to some studies, between 40% and 60% of addicts relapse at some time in their lives – this is comparable to several well-known diseases, including diabetes, asthma and hypertension. Relapse does not imply that therapy has failed. Instead, it is a sign that there should be some modification in the patient’s care. One crucial aspect of the counselor’s role in addiction rehabilitation is creating a thorough relapse prevention strategy. Plans will be individualized for each patient based on their needs, but must include the following:
- A thorough description of the patient’s drug misuse history, including any relapses.
- Warning signals and the best strategies for patients to handle them.
- A comprehensive list of relatives, friends and therapists who can serve as a support network.
- Emergency measures for relapse.
- Certain lifestyle adjustments that the patients can make to put their health first.
After deciding to seek addiction treatment, individuals must be well prepared to prevent relapse in the future. Relapse prevention takes more than resisting temptation when it presents itself. Prevention must begin early in the healing process.
Cognitive behavioral therapy
Another strategy that can be used is cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT. A patient can learn to identify the feelings, ideas and circumstances that lead to cravings or addiction through CBT. CBT-based addiction counselors assist patients in comprehending how their thoughts and feelings affect their actions. A counselor will guide the patient to learn how to avoid these triggers. When the thoughts of it are flowing in their head, they will discover how to swap out unhealthy ideas and sentiments for negative ones that will keep one sober. This is an effective therapeutic strategy as the abilities that the patient will acquire can last a lifetime. It assists individuals in altering the mental and behavioral habits that lead to addiction. However, not all counselors receive training in CBT methods.
Inviting the patient’s family for counseling
It would be a misconception to say that addiction doesn’t impact every family member and it’s just the addicted person. When you have close bonds with family and friends, your chances of completing therapy increase. Your spouse and other family members can function as counselors in various counseling techniques. There are several reasons why counselors use family as a strategy to assist patients, including the following:
- Family members can have a significant influence in drastically transforming an addict.
- Patients are more inclined to continue if their family members are included.
- They can start to mend the harm that their addiction has done to them.
Studies have shown that using the family as a strategy helps manage their condition and lowers relapse rates, while also increasing family happiness.
Having a friend or family member struggling with addiction can be challenging. However, there are steps that family and friends can take to help the addict and also to help themselves. While they cannot compel a loved one to change, they may support them during treatment and encourage them to get assistance. Getting them a counselor will assist them in overcoming or preventing further addiction.